Vermont Residential Construction
The most popular method of residential construction in North America is wood-framed construction. Typical construction steps for a single-family or small multi-family house are:
- Develop floor plans and obtain a materials list for estimations
- Obtain building approval if necessary
- Clear the building site
- Survey to stake out for the foundation
- Excavate the foundation and dig footers.
- Pour a foundation and footers with concrete
- Build the main load-bearing structure out of of wood and possibly metal I-beams for large spans with few supports.
- Add floor and ceiling joists and install subfloor panels
- Cover outer walls and roof in OSB or plywood and a water-resistive barrier.
- Install roofing material or other covering for flat roof
- Cover the walls with siding, typically vinyl, wood, or brick veneer but possibly stone or other materials
- Install windows
- Frame interior walls
- Add internal plumbing, HVAC, electrical, and gas utilities
- Building inspector visits if necessary to approve utilities and framing
- Install insulation and interior drywall panels (cement board for wet areas) and to complete walls and ceilings
- Install bathroom fixtures
- Spackle, prime, and paint interior walls and ceilings
- Additional tiling on top of cementboard for wet areas, such as the bathroom and kitchen backsplash
- Install final floor covering, such as floor tile, carpet, or wood flooring
- Install major appliances
These are just a few examples of the steps in a typical Vermont residential construction jobs.